SCN2A

Below is a summary for the SCN2A gene observed in research publications. This is not meant to take the place of medical advice.

Click here for our full SCN2A Gene Guide

The online Gene Guide includes more information about SCN2A such as the chance of having another child with this condition, behavior and development concerns linked to SCN2A-related syndrome or specialists to consider for people with this condition. Share this resource with family members or your clinical providers.

Latest SCN2A Report | Download Report

This latest report includes updated information about Simons Searchlight participants with SCN2A-related disorder using insights by families like yours. This report features a special spotlight on behavioral and emotional concerns in children using results from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL).

Please take our surveys to contribute to this research. If you are not yet registered, consider joining Simons Searchlight to be included in future reports!

View all reports below by clicking on “Previous Registry Reports” at the bottom of this page.

What are SCN2A -related disorders?

SCN2A -related disorders happen when there are changes to the SCN2A gene. These changes can keep the gene from working as it should.

SCN2A -related disorders include SCN2A -developmental and epileptic encephalopathy and self-limited neonatal/infantile epilepsy.

Key Role

The SCN2A gene produces a protein that sits on the surface of brain cells and allows sodium to enter the cell. This protein is important for brain cells to make and transmit signals between cells. The protein is essential for these brain cells to work properly.

Symptoms

Because the SCN2A gene is important in the development and function of brain cells, many people who have SCN2A -related disorders have:

  • Seizures
  • Developmental delay, or intellectual disability, or both
  • Autism or features of autism
  • Movement problems
  • Lower than average muscle tone
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Brain changes seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Autism

How many people have SCN2A -related disorders?

As of 2023, about 360 people in the world with changes in the SCN2A gene have been included in medical research. The first case of SCN2A -related disorders was described in 2002. Scientists expect to find more people who have these disorders as access to genetic testing improves.

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Support Resources

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Research Article Summaries

Below, we have summarized research articles about changes in the SCN2A gene. We hope you find this information helpful. The information available about SCN2A is limited, and families and doctors share a critical need for more information. As we learn more from children who have a change in this gene, we expect this list of resources and information to grow.

Full versions of published research articles can be found on PubMed. PubMed is a National Institutes of Health (NIH) online database that is free. It has a collection of both medical and scientific research articles. A PubMed search for SCN2A articles can be found here. You can also visit the Simons Foundation ’s SFARI Gene website to see information for researchers about this gene.

  • Mutations in the sodium channel gene SCN2A cause neonatal epilepsy with late-onset episodic ataxia Original research article by N. Schwarz et al. (2016). Read the abstract here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • Unexplained early onset epileptic encephalopathy: Exome screening and phenotype expansion Original research article by N.M. Allen et al. (2016). Read the article here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • De novo SCN2A splice site mutation in a boy with autism spectrum disorder Original case report by T. Tavassoli et al. (2014). Read the report here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • Clinical whole exome sequencing in child neurology practice Original research article by S. Srivastava et al. (2014). Read the abstract here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • De novo mutations in the classic epileptic encephalopathies Original research article by Epi4K Consortium et al. (2013). Read the article here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • Targeted resequencing in epileptic encephalopathies identifies de novo mutations in CHD2 and SYNGAP1 Original research article by G.L. Carvill et al. (2013). Read the article here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • Range of genetic muations associated with severe non-syndromic sporadic intellectual disability: an exome sequencing study Original research article by Rauch et al. (2012). Read the abstract here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.
  • Diagnostic exome sequencing in persons with severe intellectual disability Original research article by J. de Ligt et al. (2012). Read the article here and the Simons Searchlight summary here.

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Research Opportunities

  • Simons Searchlight Help the Simons Searchlight team learn more about SCN2A genetic changes by taking part in our research. You can learn more about the project and sign up here.
  • SCN2A Natural History SCN2A families have the opportunity to join a natural history study of conditions caused by mutations in the SCN2A gene. This study hopes to determine how the symptoms of SCN2A-related conditions change over time and improve the understanding of why the symptoms may differ from person to person. Simons Searchlight has an agreement with this SCN2A natural history study to ensure data is being shared between the two projects. For more information, please email Dr. Katherine Howell at scn2a@mcri.edu.au.
  • TIGER Study The University of Washington’s Autism Center seeks to better understand the medical, learning, and behavioral features of people with changes in SCN2A. Click here to learn more about this opportunity.
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Family Stories

Stories from  SCN2A  families:

Click here to share your family’s story!